Colpo di stato in Bolivia
Data: 10/11/2019
Argomento: Americhe


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The situation in the country has entered a moment of greater uncertainty, instability, and an increase in the potential scenarios for violence.

Fernando Camacho, the main leader of the Bolivian right, demanded that Evo Morales, the senators, deputies, members of the Court of Justice, the Electoral Tribune resign, create a transitional government board and call for elections within 60 days.

He spoke alongside the leader of the Civic Committee of Potosí, Antonio Pumari, who said: “We ask the army to come out once and for all, and if they don’t have the capacity to do so, to give us the weapons”.

Both statements were the last answers to be given on Sunday morning, after Evo Morales had earlier announced a renewal of the Supreme Electoral Tribunal to call new national elections.

Morales’ decision was: “to guarantee peace in Bolivia,” he explained. The resolution was taken after talking with the Bolivian Workers’ Central (COB) and the National Coordinator for Change, with whom he agreed that it was the best option in view of the escalation that has occurred in recent days.

Indeed, the scenario of violence had deteriorated nationally between Friday and Saturday night. At several points, the situation of police riots multiplied until it reached the center of political power in La Paz, where the seat of government and the vice-presidency are located.

“The police abandoned the people, not all of them, but they are not providing security to the people, I call on everyone to join me in taking care of the people,” Morales said in an interview on Sunday at noon in Telesur.

The coup d’état violence also had an impact on the state media on Saturday, such as Bolivia TV, Radio Patria Nueva, and the radio station of the Confederación Sindical Única de Trabajadores Campesinos de Bolivia (CSUTCB). In the latter case, the director was tied to a tree by those who went to storm the station.

Saturday’s escalation also included the siege of leaders in the process of change and the burning of their homes, as in the case of the governors of Chuquisaca and Oruro, as well as Evo Morales’ sister, Ester Morales Ayma.

Saturday night also witnessed the response of those who defend the process of change in the city of El Alto, one of the points of greatest support for Evo Morales, marked by a historical memory of revolts and street scenes. The night ended there with the access routes to La Paz closed, with the decision to prevent the coup d’état.

Evo Morales’ decision to call new elections was also and above all due to the audit report presented by the Organization of American States (OAS), which maintained that the October 20 elections were marked by irregularities in several aspects, and that, therefore, Evo Morales’ victory in the first round could not be validated.

In view of this conclusion, the OAS requested that new elections be held again. “The OAS made a political decision,” the president said, referring to the resolution presented.

The decision taken on Sunday morning was to decompress a coup scenario in the offensive phase marked by the change of situation due to the expected outcome of the audit. The responses received from the right confirmed what had been reported: that which began to unfold on October 21 was an attempt at a coup d’état and not a search for electoral transparency.

The panorama in the country has entered its moment of greater uncertainty, instability, and an increase in the potential scenarios for violence. Every facet of politics, institutionality, movements, the different actors, are under pressure to position themselves, to seek a democratic solution to a coup.

In this context, the leader of the COB, Juan Carlos Huarachi, said at noon on Sunday: “comrade president, we call you to reflect that you can assume this responsibility, if it is necessary to resign in order to pacify the Bolivian people, we do it”.

As for the Bolivian Armed Forces, one of the central factors of a possible outcome, Evo Morales said: “I have no problem with the Armed Forces, we are not going to take them out into the streets, they have other tasks, against drug trafficking, smuggling”.

Bolivia has entered a moment of resolution of the coup attempt that was set in motion to overthrow President Morales and the process of change. All of the pieces are in motion and under development.

Marco Teruggi

Translation by Internationalist 360º







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