The situation in the country has entered a moment of
greater uncertainty, instability, and an increase in the potential
scenarios for violence.
Fernando Camacho, the main leader of the Bolivian right, demanded
that Evo Morales, the senators, deputies, members of the Court of
Justice, the Electoral Tribune resign, create a transitional government
board and call for elections within 60 days.
He spoke alongside the leader of the Civic Committee of Potosí,
Antonio Pumari, who said: “We ask the army to come out once and for all,
and if they don’t have the capacity to do so, to give us the weapons”.
Both statements were the last answers to be given on Sunday morning,
after Evo Morales had earlier announced a renewal of the Supreme
Electoral Tribunal to call new national elections.
Morales’ decision was: “to guarantee peace in Bolivia,” he explained.
The resolution was taken after talking with the Bolivian Workers’
Central (COB) and the National Coordinator for Change, with whom he
agreed that it was the best option in view of the escalation that has
occurred in recent days.
Indeed, the scenario of violence had deteriorated nationally between
Friday and Saturday night. At several points, the situation of police
riots multiplied until it reached the center of political power in La
Paz, where the seat of government and the vice-presidency are located.
“The police abandoned the people, not all of them, but they are not
providing security to the people, I call on everyone to join me in
taking care of the people,” Morales said in an interview on Sunday at noon in Telesur.
The coup d’état violence also had an impact on the state media on
Saturday, such as Bolivia TV, Radio Patria Nueva, and the radio station
of the Confederación Sindical Única de Trabajadores Campesinos de
Bolivia (CSUTCB). In the latter case, the director was tied to a tree by
those who went to storm the station.
Saturday’s escalation also included the siege of leaders in the
process of change and the burning of their homes, as in the case of the
governors of Chuquisaca and Oruro, as well as Evo Morales’ sister, Ester
Saturday night also witnessed the response of those who defend the
process of change in the city of El Alto, one of the points of greatest
support for Evo Morales, marked by a historical memory of revolts and
street scenes. The night ended there with the access routes to La Paz
closed, with the decision to prevent the coup d’état.
Evo Morales’ decision to call new elections was also and above all
due to the audit report presented by the Organization of American States
(OAS), which maintained that the October 20 elections were marked by
irregularities in several aspects, and that, therefore, Evo Morales’
victory in the first round could not be validated.
In view of this conclusion, the OAS requested that new elections be
held again. “The OAS made a political decision,” the president said,
referring to the resolution presented.
The decision taken on Sunday morning was to decompress a coup
scenario in the offensive phase marked by the change of situation due to
the expected outcome of the audit. The responses received from the
right confirmed what had been reported: that which began to unfold on
October 21 was an attempt at a coup d’état and not a search for
The panorama in the country has entered its moment of greater
uncertainty, instability, and an increase in the potential scenarios for
violence. Every facet of politics, institutionality, movements, the
different actors, are under pressure to position themselves, to seek a
democratic solution to a coup.
In this context, the leader of the COB, Juan Carlos Huarachi, said at
noon on Sunday: “comrade president, we call you to reflect that you can
assume this responsibility, if it is necessary to resign in order to
pacify the Bolivian people, we do it”.
As for the Bolivian Armed Forces, one of the central factors of a
possible outcome, Evo Morales said: “I have no problem with the Armed
Forces, we are not going to take them out into the streets, they have
other tasks, against drug trafficking, smuggling”.
Bolivia has entered a moment of resolution of the coup attempt that
was set in motion to overthrow President Morales and the process of
change. All of the pieces are in motion and under development.
Translation by Internationalist 360º