Secondo un rapporto di Human Rights Watch di giovedì, Squadre della morte appoggiate dalla CIA in Afghanistan hanno commesso una serie di violazioni dei diritti umani nell'ultimo anno, e probabilmente i gruppi paramilitari saranno l'eredità duratura della guerra degli Stati Uniti nel paese.
‘Terrorizing the populace’: Report finds CIA-backed death squads committing war crimes in Afghanistan
CIA-backed death squads in Afghanistan have committed a number of
human rights violations over the last year, a Human Rights Watch report
found Thursday, and the militant groups are likely to be the lasting
legacy of the U.S. war in the country.
“They do counterinsurgency the old-fashioned way,” tweeted Daily Beast national security reporter Spencer Ackerman, “terrorizing the populace.”
The HRW report reviewed cases of abuse from late 2017 to the middle
of 2019 in Afghanistan, interviewing 39 Afghans and a number of rights
groups in the country. The group found a pattern of extreme violence
from the CIA-trained and backed death squads:
These strike forces have unlawfully killed civilians
during night raids, forcibly disappeared detainees, and attacked
healthcare facilities for allegedly treating insurgent fighters.
Civilian casualties from these raids and air operations have
dramatically increased in the last two years.
In a statement, HRW associate Asia director Patricia Grossman—who was the report’s lead author—said that
the CIA, through backing the militant groups, had “consigned entire
communities to the terror of abusive night raids and indiscriminate
“These are not isolated cases but illustrative of a larger pattern of
serious laws-of-war violations—and even war crimes—by these
paramilitary forces,” Grossman added.
Among the atrocities detailed in
the report are a number of mass killings. In October 2018, paramilitary
forces murdered “five civilian members of one family, including an
elderly woman and child” in Nangharhar province. Just two months later,
in December, a group to the south in Paktia province raided a village
and killed six civilians.
CIA press secretary Timothy Barrett told The Guardian that the organization “conducts its global operations in accordance with law and under a robust system of oversight.”
Survivors of CIA-backed paramilitary violence tell a different story:
According to witnesses, on 11 August this year troops
from one of these CIA-backed units—which, the witnesses said, was
accompanied by at least one U.S. soldier and a translator—served as
judge, jury and executioner for 11 men in Kulgago village.
Four were executed in the family compound of Dr. Ulfatullah, a
pharmacist who lost two sons and two cousins, and has moved his family
to Kabul to campaign for justice. “The blood of our sons is still in the
rooms where they were killed so it’s difficult for us to live there,”
he told The Guardian in the Afghan capital.
John Sifton, HRW’s Asia advocacy director, said in an interview with The Daily Beast‘s Ackerman that things don’t have to be this way.
“There isn’t a rule written somewhere at Langley that says the CIA
can only train and fund militias that commit atrocities,” said Sifton.
“The CIA could have used its funding and leverage to insist that
militias working with it follow the rules of law.”
Written by Eoin Higgins / Common Dreams
October 31, 2019